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Levi-Strauss, Claude Gustave

Male 1908 - 2009  (100 years)

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  • Name Levi-Strauss, Claude Gustave  [1, 2
    Born 28 Nov 1908  Brussels, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    _UID 3BED3F468B98496BB497D47A9C4124648236 
    Died 30 Oct 2009  Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Buried Lignerolles Cemetery, Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Person ID I23411  My Family Tree
    Last Modified 9 Feb 2019 

    Family Roman, Monique,   b. 9 Mar 1926, Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 6 Apr 1954  Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 4
     1. Levi-Strauss, Matthieu Raymond
    Last Modified 19 Apr 2020 
    Family ID F8288  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Prior marriage to DIna Dreyfus
      Prior marriage to Rose Marie Ullmo in NYC. License 4/13/1946.
      Social Anthropologist. Born in Brussels, Belgium to Emma Levy and Raymond Levi-Strauss, an artist. He studied philosophy and law at the University of Paris and became a secondary school teacher. In 1934, he took a position as a professor of sociology at the University of São Paulo, Brazil where he did his only field work with the Guaycuru and Bororo tribes of Brazil. During World War II, he took refuge in New York where he taught at the New School of Social Research in Manhattan. In 1949, he published his first major work, 'Les Structures élémentaires de la parenté' (The Elementary Structures of Kinship). This was followed by his much talked about autobiographical work 'Tristes Tropiques' in 1955, as well as 'Structural Anthropology' (1958), 'The Savage Mind' (1962), 'From Honey to Ashes' (1966), 'The Origin of Table Manners (1986), 'Mythologiques' (4 volumes; 1964-72), 'The Raw and the Cooked' (1970) and 'The Naked Man' (1971). In 1950, he became director of the laboratory of Social Anthropology at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes at Paris University. He was noted for his view of 'hot' and 'cold' societies. Those that altered significantly and remained open to divergent influences were 'hot,' while cultures that changed only marginally over time were considered 'cold.' He attempted to focus upon the difficult to define inner life of a society rather than upon material culture. He also attempted to describe systems of meaning and the ways in which these were expressed in a culture's mythologies and relationships of exchange. He is known for his thoughts on structuralism, a theory that describes the idea that all cultures have a similar, underlying structure, which helps to define cultural beliefs and behaviors. He was appointed a member of the Légion d'honneur in 1964, and elected to the Academie Française in 1973. He held the chair of Social Anthropology at the Collège de France from 1959 to 1982. In 1983 he published a collection of essays, 'Le Regard éloigné' (The View from Afar). Despite the fact that he had no formal training in anthropology, he has been lauded as a pioneer in his chosen field, regardless of the once voiced opinion that despite his prestige, critics among his colleagues outnumbered disciples. He has been credited with altering modern views of the 'primitive,' explaining that there was little difference between the thought processes of a so-called 'savage' and a so-called 'civilized' man. The Centre National de la Récherche Scientifique awarded him its Gold Medal, the highest scientific award in France. He he succumbed to heart failure at age 100.

  • Sources 
    1. [S1992] Obit, for Claude (Reliability: 3).

    2. [S424] Wikipedia.

    3. [S326]

    4. [S1246] Online Tree.